Tuesday, 21 February 2017

Educational Administration after Independence in India

After independence the first action of a great significance to be taken by the government of India in the field of educational administration was the appointment of the university education under the chairmanship of Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, a distinguished scholar and former vice chancellor of Banaras Hindu University. The report of the commission is a document of great importance as it has guided development of the university education in India since the independence. This commission was appointed to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions that may desirable to suite present and future requirements of the country. It submitted tits report in august 1949.

Main terms of reference-

1. The aims and objectives of university education and research in India.
2. The changes considered necessary and desirable in the constitution, control, functions and jurisdiction of universities in India and their relation with government- central and provincial.
3. The finance of universities.
4. The maintenance of the highest standards of teaching and examination in the university courses of study with reference to the desirability of an independent university entrance examination and the avoidance of unfair discrimination which mitigate against fundamental rights 23(2).
5. Need for more universities on a regional and other basis.
6. The organization of advanced research in all branches of knowledge in the universities and institutes of higher research in a well coordinated fashion avoiding waste of effort and resources.
7. The special problems of the Banaras Hindu University, the Aligarh Muslim University, the Delhi University and other instructions of an all India character.
8. The qualifications, conditions of service, salaries, privileges and functions of teachers and the encouragement of original research by teachers.
9. The discipline of students, hostels and organization of tutorial work and any other matter which is essential to a complete and comprehensive enquiry into all aspects of university education and advanced research in India.

Major recommendations the commission:

1. Teaching staff- there should be four classes of teachers, professors, readers, lecturers and instructors. Promotions from one category to another to be solely on grounds of merit.
2. To avoid overcrowding at universities and colleges, the maximum number in Arts and Science faculties of a teaching university be fixed at 3000 and in affiliated collage at 1500.
3. The number of working days be substantially increased to ensure a minimum of 180 in the year, exclusive of examination days.
4. University education be placed on the concurrent list.
5. The concern of the central government with the universities be with regard to finance, coordination of facilities in special subjects, adoption of national policies, ensuring medium standards of efficient administration and liaisons between universities and national research laboratories and scientific surveys, etc.
6. Finance: the UGC be set up for allocation of grants.

Special attention to be paid to the development of higher education in rural areas.