Friday, 24 February 2017

What are the “Research Paradigms”?

What are the “Research Paradigms”?
Research Paradigms

Research is always a planned, systematic and rigorous activity in order to make known whatever is unknown to others and/or verify whatever is already known. It is action oriented. In other words, it can be defined as a systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
As far as research paradigm is concerned, it is a perspective about research held by a community of researchers. The perspective is based on a set of shared assumptions, concepts, values, and practices. More simply, it is an approach to thinking about and doing research.
There are three major educational research paradigms or approaches: quantitative research, qualitative research, and mixed research.
The either-or position (that is, one must use quantitative or qualitative research but not both) is called the incompatibility thesis.
Pure quantitative research relies on the collection of quantitative data (that is numerical data) and follows the other characteristics of the quantitative research paradigm.
Pure qualitative research relies on the collection of qualitative data (that is, non-numerical data such as words and pictures) and follows the other characteristics of the qualitative research paradigm.
Mixed research involves the mixing of quantitative and qualitative research methods, approaches, or other paradigm characteristics.