Saturday, 11 February 2017

What are the Aims of Educational Psychology?

There are various aims of educational psychology. Some of them are given below:

Aims of Educational Psychology
Aims of Educational Psychology
  1. Educational psychology studies heredity, growth and maturation, environmental influences, language and thinking, development of intelligence and the process of socialization in relation to their effect on the child as a learner.
  2. Educational psychology studies learning and the educative process. Experts (educational psychologists) not only examine the several theories of learning but also the techniques of learning skills and problem solving.
  3. We know that effective management of learning involves both input (the teaching process) and output, measuring what the learner has learnt. Attempts to measure children’s learning lead to the development of tests and other evaluation techniques. Thus, the development of tests and other methods of evaluation forms another area of concern to educational psychologists.
  4. Teacher-pupil interaction has significant effects on pupil’s learning. For this purpose, much of the educational psychologists work is aimed at teaching teachers how best to help their pupils learn more effectively both in and out of class.
  5. The development of positive attitude towards learning is another objective of educational psychology. Teachers general adopt reinforcement and other techniques to encourage positive attitude among learners to learning.
  6. Conducting research is another major objective of educational psychologists. Educational psychology not only encourages research but also aims at applying research findings in the learning situation.
  7. Educational psychology gives a teacher a sense of direction in his/her own work. It helps the teacher to relate more effectively with the learner.