Tuesday 21 February 2017

National Committee on 10+2+3 educational structure (1973); National Policy on Education (1986); Ramamurti Review Committee (1990)

National Committee on 10+2+3 educational structure

On the recommendations of the Education Commission 1964-66, the 10+2+3 structure was incorporated in the statement of the National Policy on Education, 1968. The structure was discussed and endorsed by a number of All India Forums on education including the CABE. For a number of years, the details of the implementation of the new pattern could not be worked out. In 1973, The Government of India, Ministry of Education and Social Welfare, appointed a National Committee to formulate practical measures for introducing the proposed educational structure all over the country. As a result of the report of the Committee, a beginning was made by the Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi, to introduce this pattern in some of the schools affiliated to it. Since then the scheme has been accepted in principle by all the states and Union Territories.

National Policy on Education (1986)

The document “Challenge of Education”(1985) was debated in the country at various conferences, seminars and study circles. A detailed analysis was made of all the communications and recommendations received in the Ministry. Thereafter, the MHRD brought out a revised document “National Policy on Education 1986- A Presentation’. It was revised in the light of discussions and the ‘Draft National Policy on Education 1986 was finally adopted.
Main Recommendations of NPE’86:
·         National system of education; which envisaged on a common educational structure.
·         Minimum level of learning for each stage of education.
·         Operation Blackboard will be undertaken for the improvement of primary school all over the country.

Ramamurti Review Committee (1990):
Terms of reference-
1. To review the National Policy on Education, 1986 and its implementation;
1.       To make recommendations regarding revision of the policy;
2.      To recommend action necessary for implementation of revised policy within time frame.
The recommendations of the report could not be given their due consideration in view of the change of the Government at the centre.

CABE Committee or Janardhana Reddy Committee (1992):

The Chairman of the CABE appointed a Committee on 31st July, 1991, to review the implementation of various parameters of NPE. The recommendations were as follows-
1.       A standing CABE committee for education of the SCs/STs and other educationally backward sections should be constituted; educationists from these groups should have representation in that Committee.
2.      Common School System- Both the Center and the State should take determined action in this regard. The privileged schools should accept social accountability by sharing their facilities and resources with other institutions, taking up community activities, and facilitating access to children of the disadvantaged groups.
3.      Navodaya Vidyalayas should be setup in each district
4.      Early Childhood Care and Education- The Anganwadi workers should play expanded role and should be the focal point for a number of activities and support services for women and children, such as child care, family welfare, nutrition and health. It also talked about recruitment and training of Anganwadi workers to discharge the expanded role.
5.  Management of Education- the District Board of Education should be set up and operationalised expeditiously.
6.      Constitution of specialized State Level Educational Tribunals.